Colorado is currently seeing some of the worst outbreaks of threats from pests. Currently, the spruce beetle is the main culprit; the insect is responsible for the death of more spruce trees in North America than any other natural agent.

Over the last three decades, the forests of Yellowstone have barely had enough time to recover from fire, let alone adapt to a changing climate.

Leaving trees in the ground and planting new ones could help future proof new development sites against extreme heat.

In addition to threatening forest health, climate change has been described as a “health emergency” for humans, causing injuries, illnesses and deaths.