For sheer biological diversity and cultural importance, Emiquon's pre-European settlement landscape of backwater lakes, wetlands, and forests was virtually unmatched in the Midwest. Unfortunately, Emiquon's native vegetation and lakes have been replaced by farmers' row crops. The site, along the Illinois River south of Peoria, is comprised of 7,000 acres of land. The partnership between The Nature Conservancy of Illinois and American Forests began to restore this Illinois River floodplain site in 2007 through the planting of 160,000 bottomland hardwoods and reintroducing more than 10 different hardwood species once found there. Those species include green and white ash, pin and swamp white oak, northern pecan, black walnut, sycamore, American linden, bitternut, butternut and river birch.
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