Female black bear. Credit: Allan Harris, Flickr

Forests provide habitat and support to thousands of species of wildlife and vegetation. These species not only rely on forests for survival, but also play many important roles in the environment. They can be pollinators, seed dispersers, predators and ecosystem engineers. For example, birds are responsible for seed dispersal, nutrient cycling, habitat maintenance, waste breakdown and pest control. When wildlife habitats are destroyed or degraded, species become threatened or endangered. It’s important that we continue to protect and restore forest ecosystems to ensure these species have a healthy habitat and that we have a healthy environment.


Did you know?

  • Forests planted by American Forests domestically and around the world provide habitats for a variety of rare and endangered species, such as spotted owls, river otters, Siberian tigers, bald eagles and monarch butterflies.
  • The endangered red-cockaded woodpecker requires up to 500 acres to live.[1]
  • Female black bears living in the mountains can roam across 2,800 acres.[2]
  • Gray foxes generally have a home range of about 500 acres.[3]



[1] U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker at Carolina Sandhills NWR. Meet the red-cockaded woodpecker. http://www.fws.gov/carolinasandhills/rcw.html (accessed June 5, 2013).

[2]http://www.northwestwildlife.com/downloads/black_bear.pdf (accessed June 5th)

[3] New Jersey Environmental Protection. Division of Fish & Wildlife. Foxes in New Jersey. The Fray Fox. http://www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/speciesinfo_fox.htm (accessed June 5, 2013).